References

We are indebted to many people and organisations who have done the detailed work to find out the issues and potential fixes to the vulnerable child crisis in India. Some of the references we used are listed below.

  1. CSA white paper which talks about some of the issues being raised in this campaign: https://csa.org.in/web/pdf/White-paper-Adoption.pdf
  2. NCPCR report about the problems with CWCs: http://ncpcr.gov.in/view_file.php?fid=461
  3. List of registered CCIs by state and whether they have “linked” with adoption agency/ CARA or not: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=180817
  4. Supreme Court directive about registering all the CCIs under JJ Act:
    1. https://www.sci.gov.in/jonew/bosir/orderpdf/2904375.pdf
    2. https://www.sci.gov.in/supremecourt/2007/24621/24621_2007_Order_21-Aug-2018.pdf
  5. TISS report on state of children in Bihar’s shelters: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oWwpCkf9nwf4NrDOTmTvaq7vNjf_QS8r/view
  6. Extracted from TISS report — news article on state of children in Bihar’s shelters: https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/kids-battle-hunger-isolation-abuse-at-bihars-adoption-centres-report-1906353
  7. News articles about unregistered shelters:
    1. http://www.livelaw.in/child-care-institutions-must-registered-juvenile-justice-act/
    2. http://www.livelaw.in/sc-directs-registration-childcare-institutes-year-end-read-judgment/
    3. http://www.firstpost.com/india/sc-tells-centre-states-to-implement-juvenile-justice-act-courts-directives-well-meaning-but-not-child-focused-4349151.html
    4. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/thiruvananthapuram/state-directs-orphanages-to-register-under-jj-act-2015-before-march-31/articleshow/63116052.cms
    5. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/get-all-child-care-institutions-registered-in-a-month-maneka-gandhi-to-states-after-reports-of-illegal-adoptions/articleshow/65012316.cms?utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=iOSapp
    6. https://www.firstpost.com/india/ncpcr-data-shows-over-1300-unregistered-child-care-institutions-in-india-1165-alone-in-kerala-4746071.html
    7. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/thiruvananthapuram/kerala-directs-orphanages-to-register-under-jj-act-as-per-apex-court-order-by-dec-31/articleshow/62089053.cms
  8. News articles about CWCs:
    1. https://www.firstpost.com/india/in-chennai-child-welfare-committee-struggles-to-stay-afloat-with-no-chairperson-for-five-years-4791531.html
    2. https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/sc-shocked-at-2-lakh-missing-children/article24756010.ece
  9. Reports, sites, and new articles that show the scale of the problem:
    1. UNICEF’s The State of the World’s Children Reports:
      1. 2016: https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_SOWC_2016.pdf
      2. 2008: https://www.unicef.org/sowc08/docs/sowc08.pdf
    2. Childline page: http://www.childlineindia.org.in/children-without-parental-care-india.htm
    3. https://www.soschildrensvillages.ca/girl-child-endangered-child-abandonment-india
    4. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/india-moves-to-improve-shameful-record-on-orphan-adoptions/2015/03/20/cefd4fce-c82a-11e4-bea5-b893e7ac3fb3_story.html?utm_term=.962d63f3c972
    5. https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/35-million-children-in-india-need-care-and-protection-child-rights-group-head-765305
    6. https://www.thequint.com/news/india/abuse-of-children-in-indias-institutions-reveals-nationwide-crisis-of-reform
  10. WCD Ministry reports about India’s shelters and 50,000+ adoptable children who are not reaching the legal adoption pool:
    1. http://www.wcd.nic.in/node/2190742
    2. http://www.wcd.nic.in/node/2190741